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Projecting the incidence and costs of major cardiovascular and kidney complications of type 2 diabetes with widespread SGLT2i and GLP 1 RA use: a cost-effectiveness analysis – published online 21/11/2022

Graphical abstract

Jedidiah I. Morton, Clara Marquina, Jonathan E. Shaw, Danny Liew, Kevan R. Polkinghorne, Zanfina Ademi and Dianna J. Magliano

Sodium–glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) and glucagon-like peptide‑1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 Ras) reduce the incidence of cardiovascular and kidney disease in addition to their effects on blood glucose. However, it is unclear if they are cost-effective on the basis of their cardiovascular and kidney benefits alone, which may be why many payers/governments have HbA1c-based restrictions on their use. In this issue, Morton et al ( report that, based solely on their cardiovascular benefits at current prices, SGLT2is are cost-effective for anyone with type 2 diabetes from the Australian healthcare perspective, while GLP-1 RAs are unlikely to be cost-effective, even in a population with pre-existing cardiovascular disease. The authors conclude that these findings suggest that existing HbA1c-based restrictions on SGLT2i use may not be justified from a health economic perspective.

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